Categorial Features: A Generative Theory of Word Class by Phoevos Panagiotidis

By Phoevos Panagiotidis

Offering a unique idea of components of speech, this e-book discusses categorization from a methodological and theoretical aspect a view. It attracts on discoveries and insights from a couple of methods - typology, cognitive grammar, notional techniques, and generative grammar - and offers a generative, feature-based idea. construction on up to date learn and the most recent findings and ideas in categorization and word-building, Panagiotidis combines the primacy of specific positive aspects with a syntactic categorization technique, addressing the basic, yet usually ignored, questions in grammatical idea. Designed for graduate scholars and researchers learning grammar and syntax, this publication is richly illustrated with examples from a number of languages and explains parts and phenomena primary to the character of human language.

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5 The notional approach revisited: Langacker (1987) and Anderson (1997) Cognitive Grammar (Langacker 1987) is a non-formal theory of grammar. It argues that grammar is ‘inherently meaningful’ and that language constitutes ‘an integral facet of cognition’ (Langacker 1987, 590). There is no syntactic mechanism independent of semantics, and there are no levels of representation, at least not in the way these are understood in modular approaches to the Language Faculty. 11 Thus, it is no wonder that Langacker’s approach to categories is a notional one.

5 This purported radical state of affairs would render the noun–verb distinction in the particular language completely unnecessary and spurious, reducing it to a sort of analytical and methodological straightjacket. 6. ) for a thorough and well-rounded presentation of the Riau Indonesian variety from a sociolinguistic viewpoint, a matter that has raised some controversy. ’ Gil (2005) claims that in Riau Indonesian any of the glosses above is an appropriate translation of the two-word sentence makan ayam/ayam makan – depending on the context, of course.

Himmelmann (2008), cited in Rauh (2010, 343–5), observes that in Tagalog, 30 Are word class categories universal? as in Germanic languages like English or Dutch (Don 2004), some roots make better nouns or only nouns. In Tagalog, the version of this is slightly different: not all roots can be inserted in any morphological environment. Himmelmann (2008) illustrates this by discussing ma–, a polysemous prefix. , magalit ‘become angry’ < galit ‘anger’) when affixed to a different set of roots. So, magandá cannot mean ‘become beautiful’.

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