Buffalo Nationalism - A Critique of Spiritual Fascism by Kancha Ilaiah
By Kancha Ilaiah
O mom Lachumamma, your shirt is torn/ Your hair is dirty, your sari in rags/ you haven't any cash to shop for new ones./ Even in that situation what have you ever performed? You planted saplings, strolling backwards like a bull/ so as to produce meals from the dust. Kancha Ilaiah interprets those phrases of the Telugu poet, singer, activist Gaddar to stress the productiveness of the standard humans, the Dalit-Bahujans of India, who obtain so little in go back, disadvantaged of the profits of improvement and globalization yet now not of the losses of their wake. Arguing forcefully for social justice, this publication encompasses a choice from Kancha Ilaiah's columns in renowned newspapers just like the Hindu, the Deccan bring in, the Deccan Chronicle, the Hindustan occasions between others, and journals like Mainstream and the commercial and Political Weekly. Strongly advocating the Dalitization of Indian society that might undo its moorings in religious fascism, which refuses equality or freedom to the bulk, he commends the confident values of the buffalo as a efficient beast that epitomizes the features of the Dalit-Bahujans. one of several matters he tackles are the precise to conversion, the function of the OBCs as supplying muscle energy to the Hindutva forces, the relevant desire for the unfold of English among all castes and for reservation quotas in schooling and employment, on globalization and gender. Combative, heartfelt, intellectually rigorous, those items current his imaginative and prescient of a extra simply society.
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Additional resources for Buffalo Nationalism - A Critique of Spiritual Fascism
Scholars of modern nationalism focus on nationalism during the advent of the modern political state. Uneven development, modernisation, economic division and political displacement feature highly within 38 Disrupting Pathways to Genocide modern nationalist discourse (Nairn 1977; Gellner 1983; Breuilly 1993; McCrone 1998). Modern nationalism sees a shift through the introduction of mass participation of the demos into the political realm (Mann 1990, 1993; Snyder 2000). Nationality, for the modern society, is based on the search for expression through ‘the highest form of organised activity, a sovereign state .
As discussed in the introduction, ideology is a breathing, variable and changing thing rather than a static entity with easily identifiable descriptors. Thus, when mapping out the evolution of these ideologies, I am tracing ideologies that become, but were not always, genocidal; they are all ideologies radicalising towards genocide. It is necessary to research the patterns of process while continuing to be sensitive to the geopolitical shifts unique to each case. ’ Mann provides a helpful answer: ‘Ideologies are carried by communications networks in which some possess greater resources of knowledge and persuasion than others.
Mahoney goes on to explain that path-dependent sequences begin with a ‘critical juncture’. The critical juncture in any sequence is what Mahoney describes as the ‘key actor choice point’ (2001: 6); it is characterised by the selection of a particular option from among multiple alternatives and is often of ‘great historical significance’ (Onoma 2010: 89). The critical juncture 22 Disrupting Pathways to Genocide then shapes institutions in such a way as to trigger one of the two sequences above. The idea of ‘critical juncture’ adds significantly to the deterministic properties of Mahoney’s explanation of path dependency, as, after the occurrence of a critical juncture, the interferences expressed above are less likely to be significantly influential and give states fewer options for change.