Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (Global Issues) by Kathy Wilson Peacock
By Kathy Wilson Peacock
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering expertly explains why biotechnology is a suitable and unstable factor. half I starts off with a historical past of biotechnology and its impact on agriculture, medication, and the surroundings. the second one bankruptcy makes a speciality of the USA, with emphasis on fresh growth and new functions. equivalent time is spent discussing the efforts of human rights advocates, animal rights advocates, and environmentalists to create definitive governmental laws for this budding undefined. The 3rd bankruptcy appears to be like at how biotechnology has impacted the realm, supplying case stories of its historical past and present function in Japan, India, Germany, and South Africa. half II attracts jointly major U.S. and foreign fundamental resource files and half III gathers priceless study instruments.
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Additional resources for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (Global Issues)
In the next 30 years, the population of the poorest countries is forecasted to swell by 2 billion. The gains of the Green Revolution have made continued population growth possible, and a new solution is needed. However, most GM seed planted worldwide is corn, along with lesser amounts of soybeans, canola, and cotton. The gene revolution needs to apply biotechnology to a wider range of crops. According to the FAO Director-General Dr. ”47 Furthermore, according to the FAO: [GMOs] can provide farmers with disease-free planting materials and develop crops that resist pests and disease, reducing use of chemicals that harm the environment and human health.
Removing soil from the equation means bypassing many of the problems associated with traditional agriculture. Hydroponic biotechnology involves growing crops in a water-based solution containing nutrients. It has many advantages over soil farming. For example, farmers can grow plants indoors year-round using organic techniques, all while conserving water and eliminating the need for pesticides and herbicides. Hydroponics was practiced by the ancient Babylonians and Aztecs, and in modern times it is common in Israel and other countries where the soil and climate are too harsh for widespread agriculture.
Gene wandering is a problem for countries that regulate their seed pools and require an approval process for plants with new traits. 59 The Quist-Chapela Report In 2001, Ignacio Chapela and David Quist, professors at the University of California, Berkeley, published a paper in Nature claiming that GM corn grown in the United States had contaminated indigenous varieties of maize (corn) in a remote area of Oaxaca, Mexico. Maize is indigenous to Mexico, where it has been cultivated for more than 7,000 years; Mexico is also home to dozens of varieties that are not grown in the United States.