Beyond Orientalism: Essays on Cross-Cultural Encounter by Fred Dallmayr
By Fred Dallmayr
Past Orientalism explores the confluence of latest Western (especially Continental) philosophy, with its concentrate on otherness and distinction, and the continuing strategy of globalization or the emergence of the "global village." the elemental query raised within the publication is: what's going to be the present life-form or discourse of the worldwide village? Will it's the discourse of Western technological know-how, undefined, and metaphysics which, below the banner of modernization and improvement, seeks to homogenize the area in its snapshot? In Said's paintings, this technique used to be categorised "Orientalism." Or will it's attainable to maneuver "beyond Orientalism" within the path neither of world uniformity nor radical fragmentation? After discussing the huge diversity of attainable "modes of cross-cultural come upon" in a historic standpoint, the e-book develops as a popular alternative the suggestion of a deconstructive discussion or a "hermeneutics of distinction" which respects otherness past assimilation. This hermeneutics is illustrated in chapters reading a number of bridge-builders among cultures, basically the Indian philosophers Radhakrishnan and J.L. Mehta and the Indologist Halbfass. the rest chapters are dedicated to extra concrete social-political difficulties, together with problems with modernization, multiculturalism, and the customers of a globalized democracy which bids farewell to Orientalism and Eurocentrism.
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Extra info for Beyond Orientalism: Essays on Cross-Cultural Encounter
It is possible to speak of the pure "textuality" of poems quite independently of the poet's particular motivations. Yet, textuality forms part of a broader fabric-the "text" of the world-where readers (successfully or unsuccessfully) seek understanding. To the queries of these readers, the poem responds, even in its cryptic reticence. "Like every word in a dialogue," we read, "the poem too has the character of a response or rejoinder (Gegenwort), a rejoinder which intimates also what is not said but what is part of the anticipated sense triggered by the poemtriggered perhaps only in order to be disappointed as expectation.
In politics, the issue is no longer the balance of powers in Europe. that old cornerstone of diplomacy which was intelligible to everyone. " This profound transformation affects the status and role of Europe in the world today, assigning to it a much reduced position by comparison with the past. As Europeans. Gadamer adds, "we are no longer chez nous [amongst ourselves] on our small. divided. rich and diversified continent"; rather. " Being embroiled in world events, Europe is also haunted and overshadowed by the global threats or dangers facing humanity today: especially the threats of nuclear catastrophe and ecological disaster.
Rather, the letter added, encountering a word or a text means always a certain stepping outside oneself. though without relinquishing one's questions and anticipations. Thus, understanding does not simply amount to consensual convergence or an effort "to repeat something after the other," but rather implies a willingness to enter the border zone or interstices between self and other, thus placing oneself before the open "court" of dialogue and mutual questioning. It was in this light that one also had to assess the meaning of terms such as self-consciousness and self-understanding-expressions which had been used extensively in Truth and Method and which had become a target of criticism (because of their presumed preoccupation with selfhood).