Austerity and the third sector in Greece : civil society at by Jennifer Clarke, Asteris Huliaras
By Jennifer Clarke, Asteris Huliaras
Organised civil society in Greece is usually considered as vulnerable with scores for associational density, volunteerism and degrees of social capital typically one of the lowest in Europe. Austerity and the 3rd area in Greece explores the context in the back of the data and common perceptions of a society of takers, no longer givers. Stereotypes of a rustic residing past its skill were exacerbated by way of the Eurozone hindrance yet, considering that 2008, there has actually been an exceptional proliferation of organised civil society projects within the state. Has the monetary hindrance obvious a belated awakening of Greek civil society? supplying a extensive review of up to date civil society in Greece this e-book explores how a number of features of the country's socio-political context have affected the improvement of the 3rd quarter and examines the impression of the industrial hindrance on it. specialist members mix macro-level analyses with neighborhood case reviews to shape a desirable new examine at the impacts of nationwide and local context on civil society improvement. Their findings supply not just for a greater figuring out of comparable hobbies, but additionally give a contribution to wider educational debates on societal responses to monetary crises.
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Additional resources for Austerity and the third sector in Greece : civil society at the European frontline
2 Levels of institutional trust in the National and the European Parliaments, across Europe (10-point scale) Source: ESS (2004) Social Networks Concerning social networks in Greece, a general assumption in the relevant literature is that formal networks are weak whereas informal networks of family and friends are significantly denser (Lyberaki and Paraskevopoulos, 2002; Christoforou, 2005). According to the first wave of ESS (2002), it is observed that passive participation in formal networks (membership) tends to be in a higher rate than active participation (volunteerism).
Trust can be significantly promoted through networks and is associated with different forms of social engagement such as volunteerism (Putnam, 2000; Carpiano and Fitterer, 2014). , 2014). As Putnam states, social trust is embodied in individual relationships and establishes trustworthiness that can improve the level of efficiency in a society by facilitating coordinated actions (Putnam, 1993, p. 167). , 2000). The former refers to the level of trust in other people in general and the latter to the level of trust in specific social groups.
Maybe the answer to the question on Greek civil society weakness is related less to ‘our history is our destiny’ and more to contemporary developments. Tax incentives may offer an explanation for civil society strength or weakness, in particular in relation to associational density and the size of charities. Tax breaks seem to increase charitable giving. 67%). 69%). 22% of the GDP) (Oxford Economics, 2012). , 2008). For example, according to the Greek Tax Code (Law 2238/1994, now revised by the Act 4110/2013), there is a 10% reduction of assessed tax, provided that the amount of the donation does not exceed 5% of the total taxable personal income.