Assessing Speaking (Cambridge Language Assessment) by Sari Luoma

By Sari Luoma

Talking is a relevant but complicated quarter of language acquisition. The evaluate of this significant ability is both advanced. This booklet takes lecturers and language testers during the learn at the evaluate of talking in addition to via present checks of talking. The booklet then courses language testers during the levels of attempt initiatives, ranking practices and layout.

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Brown and Lumley propose specially focused examiner training as a solution. I do not know of similar analyses of role-plays between two test takers, and this might be an interesting area to look into. Other task types could also be analysed. Furthermore, it seems possible that norms of interaction and interpretation might have an influence on test discourse. Test takers, examiners and raters may also use different norms when performing their roles in the testing process. It would be interesting to know how this influences the process and outcomes of language tests.

The interviewer paused to give the examinee more time to respond, and this created an impression of a dysfluent and reticent speaker. The raters marked the performance accordingly. The upshot for examination boards is an encouragement to analyse interlocutor behaviour and give them feedback to ensure fair testing conditions for all examinees. g. , 1986; Fulcher, 1996), but perhaps because of administrative concerns about managing the sizes of groups and the mixture of ability levels in them, they are not often used in formal tests of speaking (Reves, 1991).

While contrived to some extent, these tasks generate peer-to-peer talk, and because the participants do not know the information the other one has they provide a genuine purpose for the interaction. In less structured task formats, the information to be discussed may not be given in the task materials. For example, pairs may be asked to discuss a topic from a number of angles for a certain amount of time. In most if not all types of pair tasks, the speaker roles and responsibilities are different from those of the interviewee, and this is how the tasks offer broader evidence about the examinees’ interaction skills.

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