Aspects of Kannada grammar by Jayashree Nadahalli

By Jayashree Nadahalli

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The first 50 occurrences of each combined clause in the clause hierarchy were taken from ACE sub-sections A and K. e. e. the common core approach (Biber et al. 1999). In the corpus data, as in all discourse, there exist numerous non-canonical forms, such as clauses with multiple embedding, subject dropping, combined clauses broken up by long stylistic interpolations, etc. The decision was made to pass over these clauses in selecting clauses for analysis given the restricted scope of this study, though non-prototypical category members are explored in following chapters.

The following presents the quantitative patterns of syntactic function, tense-aspect and subject continuity in the combined clause data. 1 reports the frequency of syntactic functions according to clause type along the clause hierarchy. Starting with the highest frequency for a function, the results indicate coordinate clauses were categorically adjuncts, an artefact since they are always grammatically optional and are non-headed constructions. 1 Clause type and syntactic function Clause Type Total To-infinitival Present participle Past participle Content clause Relative clause Comparative clause Adverbial clause Asymmetric coordination Symmetric coordination Syntactic function Adjunct Modifier Complement 9 32 22 1 13 44 45 50 50 231 29 11 1 40 0 6 5 0 0 127 12 7 27 9 37 0 0 0 0 92 Total 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 450 42 2 Clause Combination in English proportion of adjuncts, 45 (90 %), was found in adverbial clauses, though 5 (10 %) of these functioned as adverbial complements.

This is described as a form marked typically by an infinitive functioning as complement to the matrix clause verb, for example ‘she didn’t want to have to do it again’. It is not so much that catenatives themselves are unique to the Cambridge Grammar (Huddleston and Pullum 2002) as they are often described as part of a verb sequence. What is unique is that they are treated as examples of clause combination. Indeed, the Cambridge Grammar (Huddleston and Pullum 2002) classifies most verb combinations as bi-clausal combinations, even auxiliary and main verb combinations.

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