Archaeological Excavation by J. P. Droop
By J. P. Droop
J. P. suspend (1882-1963) used to be a classical box archaeologist. After graduating from Trinity university, Cambridge, in 1904 he labored as a box archaeologist for the British institution at Athens, and used to be appointed Chair of Classical Archaeology at Liverpool collage in 1914. This quantity used to be meant as a consultant to useful archaeological excavation and used to be first released in 1915 as a part of the Cambridge Archaeological and Ethnological sequence. on the time of ebook, archaeology was once beginning to develop into a extra medical and educational self-discipline, as could be noticeable in Droop's arguments at the value of archaeological context and data of stratification on website. the improvement of excavation as a scientifically established perform is proven via the emphasis on making plans of the positioning, not like previous publications to excavation. This quantity presents insights into the advance of the idea in addition to the perform of archaeology.
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It does not need much experience for a man to tell when an object is too fragile to stand being taken from the earth unsupported. Indeed, I think experience tells the other way and leads to 26 PARTICULAR [CH. greater boldness. The necessary support may be given in two ways, either by plaster of Paris or by paraffin wax. As much soil is removed from the surface and all round the object as is possible without disturbing it. Then in the first process it is covered with wet paper and plaster not mixed too thin is poured over and round it.
I do not agree with the view that the archaeologist should trouble himself with true north unless he wants to fit his plan on to an existing map, a rare event. True north except in the case of temples 40 THE OUTFIT AND ITS USE [CH. and stone circles is quite immaterial, and if the work done is dated can always be obtained by any one interested. But the stick method of ascertaining it is easy and there is no harm in employing it on a fine Sunday. At any hour before noon a surveying pole is driven upright into the ground, and the end of the shadow is marked by a peg.
The man in charge however has his attention continually on the strain. Moreover his headquarters are generally 2—2 20 PARTICULAR [CH. not absolutely on the site, and even at lunch time the journey to and fro may leave him little time for rest if he is to be back when work begins, while at breakfast time this is manifestly impossible. And, however adequately staffed the excavation may be, to have another man ready to go out when the first returns does not pay, apart from the unsociability and the possible culinary difficulties, because in work of this kind if anything is happening the reliever should always overlap the relieved in order that he may be brought up to date with the position.