Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes by Petra Maria Vogel, Bernard Comrie

By Petra Maria Vogel, Bernard Comrie

The historical past of note category learn is characterised by way of severe positions. as much as the nineteenth century, it was once believed that observe sessions have been constantly of the Latin or Greek kind and common. not like that, within the twentieth century, the view prevailed that each language had its personal particular and particular observe type process. within the final a long time, despite the fact that, it has turn into obvious that regardless of the big variety of notice sessions and observe classification structures there are typological regulations in regards to the conceptualization of semantic gains and morphosyntactic buildings. this article methods notice sessions and their categorial manifestations from the viewpoint of typology and language universals learn. The authors during this quantity talk about be aware category categorization generally (Part I), in addition to notice sessions and notice classification structures of person languages (Part II) from a typological-universal standpoint and from diachronic and cross-linguistic views.

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Biggs, Bruce 1969 Let's learn Maori. Wellington: Reed Education. ) 1922 Handbook of American Indian languages 2. ) Washington: Bureau of American Ethnology. Bogoras, Waldemar 1922 "Chukchee", in: Franz Boas (ed), 631-903. Brandal, Viggo 1928 Ordklasserne. Kjobenhavn: Gad. 1948 Lesparties du discours. Copenhague: Munksgaard. Broschart, Jiirgen 1997 "Why Tongan does it differently: Categorial distinctions in a language without nouns and verbs", Linguistic typology 1: 123-165. Chomsky, Noam A. 1970 "Remarks on nominalization", in: Roderick A.

Unproblematic category/function combinations In this context, I will simply accept the arguments by Hopper—Thompson and Croft that the unproblematic nature of the combinations in Figure 9 is grounded in human experience and practice. 3) and Anward—Lindblom (forthcoming: section 10). A consequence of Figure 9 is that expressions in non-root function can get their syntactic functions determined by their semantic categories. An expression for event in root function which is recycled in non-root function can be identified as an expression for event in predicate function.

G. l-me), reflexive pronouns cannot be used as subjects, and logophoric pronouns are restricted to subordinate clauses. When it comes to modifiers, it is fairly usual for predicate modifiers and term modifiers to license distinct classes of lexical items. However, there are also items which are licensed by other modifier functions. For example, the word ganska 'rather' in Swedish can be used neither as term modifier nor as predicate modifier, but only as modifier of another modifier: (7) a. b. c.

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