Approaches to Natural Language: Proceedings of the 1970 by Joan W. Bresnan (auth.), K. J. J. Hintikka, J. M. E.

By Joan W. Bresnan (auth.), K. J. J. Hintikka, J. M. E. Moravcsik, P. Suppes (eds.)

The papers and reviews released within the current quantity characterize the court cases of a examine workshop at the grammar and semantics of traditional languages held at Stanford college within the fall of 1970. The workshop met first for 3 days in September after which for a interval of 2 days in November for prolonged dialogue and research. The workshop was once backed via the Committee on simple study in schooling, which has been funded through the U.S. place of work of schooling via a supply to the nationwide Academy of schooling and the nationwide Academy of Sciences - nationwide learn Council. We recognize with excitement the sponsorship which made attainable a chain oflively and stimulating conferences that have been either relaxing and instructive for the 3 people, and, we are hoping, for many of the members, together with a couple of neighborhood linguists and philosophers who didn't give a contribution papers yet actively joined within the dialogue. one of many primary individuals within the workshop used to be Richard Montague. We list our feel of loss at his tragic loss of life early in 1971, and we commit this quantity to his reminiscence. not one of the papers within the current quantity discusses explicitly difficulties of schooling. In our view this kind of dialogue is neither precious nor enough for a contribution to uncomplicated study in schooling. There are in truth strong the reason why the type of paintings said within the current quantity constitutes a big point of easy learn in education.

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But not • You are tough for me to believe that Harry hates. (Postal 1968a, p. ) • Harriet is tough for me to stop Bill's looking at. (Postal, 1968a. p. ) Postal (l968a, p. 102) states that Object Shift (his 'Tough Movement') transports an NP into subject position only from an 'immediately lower clause'. This statement leads him to both awkward complications of the rule and ad hoc theoretical elaborations. While Postal's version states that Object Shift may not occur across MORE THAN ONE S-bracket, the version of the rule given here states, in effect, that Object Shift may not occur across ANY S-brackets.

1 The parable shows what (suffering men) can create. ) The same is true of semipronouns like people, things: 1 I like people. There are many people I like. SENTENCE STRESS AND SYNTACTIC TRANSFORMA TIONS 27 Similarly, the derived stress contours of sentences containing anaphoric and nonanaphoric noun phrases differ: 2 3 John knows a woman. 2 1 3 John avoids the woman. Different stress contours are produced by the NSR as a function of the difference in stress between anaphoric and nonanaphoric lexical items.

As shown, Postposing would have to separate the prepositional phrases 38 JOAN W. BRESNAN from their conjoined subjects; but this operation is in general impossible: The rumors about Adele and the gossip concerning Jean were similar. -+ * The rumors and the gossip were similar about Adele and concerning Jean. Therefore, taking the second and third facts together, we have this ordering on any cycle: Right Conjunct Reduction Postposing Question Formation (QF). But note that there are two relevant situations that may arise in deep structure: there may be a single interrogative S containing conjoined nodes embedded within it, or there may be two interrogative S's contained within a conjoined structure.

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