American Immigration: A Student Companion (Oxford Student by Roger Daniels

By Roger Daniels

"Once i presumed to write down a background of the immigrants in the United States. Then i found that the immigrants were American history," wrote historian Oscar Handlin. Immigrants and generations in their descendants have outlined the yankee kingdom from its starting and proceed to supply America's attribute variety, representing virtually each race, nationality, faith, and ethnic crew world wide. a few immigrants got here to the recent global looking for financial achieve. Others have been introduced in chains. nonetheless others came across safe haven in the United States from non secular or ethnic persecution.
This single-volume encyclopedia comprises greater than three hundred entries, protecting a number of features of immigration background and policy:
* ethnic teams, together with census and immigration statistics, significant classes of immigration and parts of cost, main faith, and ancient background
* key immigration laws, reminiscent of the chinese language Exclusion Act, Immigration Act of 1990, and Refugee Act of 1980
* phrases and ideas, together with eco-friendly card, quota procedure, citizen, naturalization, photo brides, and nativism
* different types of immigrants, together with refugees, indentured servants, little ones, and exiles
* immigration stations: Angel Island, fortress backyard, and Ellis Island * spiritual teams and church buildings, akin to Amish, Huguenots, Muslims, and japanese ceremony churches
* additional studying lists and cross-references keep on with every one entry
An introductory essay presents a cogent evaluate of the total scope of the publication. greater than a hundred and fifty images and illustrations supplement the entries. Statistical bins complement the articles with key details. an inventory of immigration, ethnic, and refugee organisations; a advisor to additional learn that comes with books, museums, and internet sites; and a close chronology finish this helpful source for learn in American background, ethnic and multicultural reviews, and genealogy.

Oxford's scholar partners to American historical past are state of the art references for college and residential, particularly designed and written for a while 12 via grownup. every one e-book is a concise yet complete A-to-Z consultant to a massive old interval or subject matter in U.S. historical past, with articles on key concerns and well-liked contributors. The authors--distinguished students famous of their parts of expertise--ensure that the entries are actual, updated, and obtainable. exact beneficial properties comprise an introductory part on the best way to use the booklet, additional studying lists, cross-references, chronology, and entire index.

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About 7,000 came between 1986 and 1997. Although some Protestants of both groups emigrated for religious reasons, until all but the most recent period, most Belgian immigrants came seeking agricultural work. The same fungus that caused the dreadful Irish potato famine of the 1840s, Phytophthora infestans, had dire effects on Belgian agriculture as well, although Belgium was not as dependent on the potato as Ireland was. The emigration of poor Belgian farmers was often aided by the Belgian government, which subsidized emigration to Algeria and Guatemala as well as to the United States.

Clannish and undesirable . . " As the 20th century progressed, the image of the Basques changed. Basque sheepherders became greatly prized, so much so that Congress, at the urging of Nevada senator Patrick McCarran, passed special legislation enabling western ranchers to bring in sheepherders as contract laborers. Well into the 1970s the majority of the several thousands thus brought to the United States were Basques, but the relative prosperity of contemporary Spain has caused the program to shift its focus to Latin America.

One historian has examined Wisconsin, the most German of American states, and found that according to the state census of 1905, for example, the 2,319 family heads born in Austria were evenly divided between rural and urban residences, and lived in the same places as most other German-speakers. Within Austria the heaviest area of emigration was Burgenland, a poor province south of Vienna. The annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany in 1938 created intolerable conditions for the many Austrian Jews, most of whom were Viennese.

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