Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar by J. H. Allen, J. B. Greenough

By J. H. Allen, J. B. Greenough

A venerable source for greater than a century, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar continues to be seemed via scholars and lecturers because the most interesting Latin reference grammar on hand. Concise, finished, and good equipped, it really is unequalled intensive and readability, putting a wealth of recommendation on utilization, vocabulary, diction, composition, and syntax inside of effortless achieve of Latin students in any respect levels.

This sourcebook's three-part remedy starts off with phrases and types, overlaying elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores instances, moods, and tenses. The concluding part deals info on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different topics. vast appendixes function a word list of phrases and indexes. scholars of historical past, faith, and literature will locate lasting worth during this modestly priced variation of a vintage consultant to Latin.

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Building on Chambers’ (1991) observation that the ‘roots’ of Canadian English can be traced to the turn of the twentieth century, this corpus offers an apparent time window on the origins and development of this (major) variety of English. Innumerable changes in the verb phrase are underway, including the rise of going to for future temporal reference (1), have to in the deontic modality system (2), have for stative possession (3), and be like in the quotative system (4). In addition, there are various discourse-pragmatic changes, including the use of really and so as intensifiers (5) and stuff as general extenders (6).

The authors return to some of the methodological themes introduced by Aarts et al. in Chapter 2 of this book. The availability of a parsed analysis permits the extraction of grammatical baseline data in addition to word counts, and the authors settle on using tensed, past-marked VPs as a more reliable baseline than per-million-words for the purposes of evaluating change in the use of the perfect. Their argument is not that all such VPs alternate freely with each other, but that these VP counts are an indicator of the extent to which texts refer to the past (something which may vary due to chance sampling factors).

For example, Aarts, Wallis and Bowie (forthcoming) plotted d% values for modal auxiliaries can, may, etc. from DCPSE on a per‐million‐word and per‐modal basis and showed that results differed markedly – can rose as a proportion of all modals, but did not change significantly with respect to word frequency; could, would and should all fell with respect to word frequency, but this fall could not be distinguished from an overall decline in modal use. 3 Changes in one choice out of a set of alternants Ideally, we wish to evaluate how the progressive changes over time where the speaker has the option of using this construction.

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