Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Leakey - Rwanda by John Middleton

By John Middleton

Delivering a finished examine the continent of Africa and the nations that contain it, this booklet describes its peoples and cultures, tune and paintings, alternate and economic system, vacation trips and fairs, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its heritage, artwork and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric instances to the current day.

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Meanwhile, civil unrest has driven many Ethiopians to live abroad, where they have produced a body of non-African Amharic literature. It includes not only creative writing but also several types of Amharic computer software created by Ethiopian engineers. africa_vol3 1/14/03 11:45 AM Page 21 Literature Swahili Literature. Swahili culture arose from interactions between Bantu-speaking East Africans and Arabs from Persia and Arabia. The main form of Swahili literature has been poetry, which reached a peak with warrior-hero Fumo Liyongo.

D. 632, Muslim Arabs invaded EGYPT, and by 1000 they had conquered all of North Africa. Parts of East Africa and West Africa also came under Islamic influence, and several cities became centers of Islamic learning. 18 africa_vol3 1/14/03 11:45 AM Page 19 Literature * theology study of religious faith * secular nonreligious; connected with everyday life * aristocracy privileged upper classes of society; nobles or the nobility The Spread of Islam and Arabic. From the 1400s to the 1600s, the city of TIMBUKTU in MALI produced a rich body of literature in the form of historical chronicles and works of Muslim science, law, medicine, and theology*.

The first African work of anglophone fiction was Joseph Casely-Hayford’s Ethiopia Unbound (1911), which dealt with the European belief in the superiority of Western over African cultures. No significant works of anglophone fiction appeared for the next 30 years. In 1952 Amos TUTUOLA caused a sensation with his novel, The Palm-Wine Drinkard and His Dead Palm-Wine Tapster in the Deads’ Town. It was a hit with Western readers, who mistook its unconventional style for a bold experiment in language.

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