Adverb Licensing and Clause Structure in English by Dagmar Haumann

By Dagmar Haumann

This monograph offers an in-depth research of the structural integration and the licensing of adverbs in terms of clause constitution, with designated emphasis at the structural implementation of the relation among the location and interpretation of adverbs. The publication substantiates the speculation that the licensing of adverbs inside of and around the 3 layers of the clause is contingent on specifier-head contract and that version within the linear order of adverbs and different components of the clause follows from the interaction of a small variety of components. The valuable claims made are: useful projections webhosting adverbs should not constrained to the inflectional and complementizer layer of the clause, but additionally play a relevant function within the shaping of the lexical layer; postverbal adverbs are learned inside of a semantically empty verbal projection and certified lower than specifier head contract by means of proxy; and adverbs that happen in the complementizer layer of the clause achieve this through both move or merge.

Show description

Read or Download Adverb Licensing and Clause Structure in English PDF

Similar grammar books

Universal Grammar and language learnability

Anjum P. Saleemi argues that the purchase of language as a cognitive procedure can appropriately be understood through pairing the formal method of studying, referred to as learnability thought, with Chomsky's concept of common Grammar and its declare that human language is innately limited, with a few predefined area for edition.

Set Sail! 3 - Vocabulary and Grammar Practice

ELT: studying fabric & coursework

The Evolution of Negation TILSM 235

Why do languages switch? The notion that the grammar of negation evolves in accordance with cycles is checked out from the behaviour of damaging goods and buildings, usually during the heritage of English and French. The reports convey that the difference inside a language at any given element of background is simply too nice for cycles to be invoked as an self reliant mechanism of grammar switch.

Additional info for Adverb Licensing and Clause Structure in English

Sample text

Laenzlinger 1996:109). In cases in which a given head hosts either only A-features or A'-features, only one specifier can be licensed. Starting with the observation that quantifier raising of combien (how much) may proceed across preverbal rapidement (rapidly), sérieusement (seriously) and courageusement (courageously) in (80), but is blocked by preverbal souvent (often), déjà (already) and beaucoup (a lot) in (81), Laenzlinger (1996:106) proposes a two-way classification of adverbial operators in (82):38 42 (79) ADVERB LICENSING AND CLAUSE STRUCTURE IN ENGLISH XP egi i A'-Spec X'2 (A'-Spec) 2 A-Spec X'1 2 X0 Compl (adapted from Laenzlinger 1996:109) (80) Combieni as- tu {rapidement, sérieusement, courageusement} how muchi have-you {quickly, seriously, courageously} lu [ti de livres de Chomsky]?

Checked off) from the derivation prior to spell-out in order for the derivation to converge at the interfaces. It is generally held that (a) features of the target are always –interpretable, (b) –interpretable features come in two flavors: they are either strong or weak and (c) –interpretable features can only be strong on functional heads (cf. e. the actual displacement of a constituent and/or head that contains a compatible feature by attracting that constituent and/or head. Conversely, the checking of weak features only requires that the compatible feature be extracted from the constituent/head containing it and be attracted to the checking site.

A'-dichotomy, specifiers and adjuncts are further distinguishable in terms of their interaction with the Avs. e. Θ-features and Φ-features) vs. g. e. 37 While A-specifiers are licensed under specifier-head agreement with a head that is associated with Θfeatures and Φ-features), A'-specifiers are parasitic on the presence of operator features (cf. Laenzlinger 1996:109). In cases in which a given head hosts either only A-features or A'-features, only one specifier can be licensed. Starting with the observation that quantifier raising of combien (how much) may proceed across preverbal rapidement (rapidly), sérieusement (seriously) and courageusement (courageously) in (80), but is blocked by preverbal souvent (often), déjà (already) and beaucoup (a lot) in (81), Laenzlinger (1996:106) proposes a two-way classification of adverbial operators in (82):38 42 (79) ADVERB LICENSING AND CLAUSE STRUCTURE IN ENGLISH XP egi i A'-Spec X'2 (A'-Spec) 2 A-Spec X'1 2 X0 Compl (adapted from Laenzlinger 1996:109) (80) Combieni as- tu {rapidement, sérieusement, courageusement} how muchi have-you {quickly, seriously, courageously} lu [ti de livres de Chomsky]?

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.65 of 5 – based on 35 votes