Actual Energy Consumption in Dwellings: The Effect of Energy by O. Guerra Santin
By O. Guerra Santin
Residential constructions have constantly more suitable in strength potency, in part because of the creation of strength rules in lots of nations. even though larger thermal houses and structures potency have reduced power intake for house heating in fresh many years, big alterations in strength intake in comparable dwellings are nonetheless being saw. those transformations in intake are considered brought on by variations in occupancy styles, through caliber of building and through rebound results. This learn addresses the influence of strength functionality laws and occupant habit on strength intake for house and water heating in dwellings outfitted after the advent of the strength functionality rules within the Netherlands. the result of this study express that bettering the strength potency of structures on my own isn't sufficient to diminish that power intake. the massive alterations present in using dwellings point out that, in particular in strength effective homes, occupant habit presents a chance for additional mark downs within the strength intake for area heating which can enhance the efforts to preserve power around the globe. IOS Press is a world technology, technical and clinical writer of fine quality books for teachers, scientists, and pros in all fields. many of the parts we put up in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and data platforms -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All points of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom financial system -Urban experiences -Arms keep an eye on -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences
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Additional resources for Actual Energy Consumption in Dwellings: The Effect of Energy Performance Regulations and Occupant Behaviour - Volume 33 Sustainable Urban Areas
T. A. Satiropoulos (1997), Occupational and Energy Behaviour Patterns in Greek Residences. Energy and Buildings, 26, pp. 207-213. PRC Bouwcentrum BV (2004), EPC en energieverbruik nieuwbouwwoningen, Report Novem, Kompas Utrecht. Schweiker, M. & M. Shukuya (2009), Comparison of Theoretical and Statisti- [ 24 ] cal Models of Air-Conditioning-Unit Usage Behaviour in a Residential Setting under Japanese Climatic Conditions, Building and Environment, 44, pp. 21372149. , C. Weber & U. Fahl (2000), Energy Consumption for Space Heating of West-German Household: empirical evidence, scenario projections and policy implications, Energy Policy, 28, pp.
For example, in this experimental study by Branco et al. (2004), conducted over three years in multi-family buildings in Switzerland, the real energy use was 50% higher than the estimated energy use (246 MJ/m2 as opposed to 160 MJ/m2), the differences being due to the real conditions of utilisation, the real performance of the complete technical system and the actual weather conditions. According to the results of an empirical study in the Netherlands by ECN and IVAM (2001), an energy intensive lifestyle in a very energy efficient residence can lead to higher energy use than an energy extensive lifestyle in a less energy efficient residence.
Insulation in the roof was shown to be not significant. With one of the lowest Beta values, the insulation of central-heating pipes causes more energy use, which was not expected, since insulation should decrease energy use. The use of a thermostat for temperature control was shown to increase energy use, in contrast to houses with temperature control in the form of taps. This could be explained by the fact that in dwellings with a thermostat occupants are more aware of the temperature in the home and therefore tend to turn it on more often that those without a thermostat.