A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: by Margarita Diaz-Andreu
By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an cutting edge heritage of archaeology throughout the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the area. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a specific concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines quite a lot of matters, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the research of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological concept and perform, and the influence on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in growth, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional info for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
Books produced by antiquarians of this period range from the 1546 De Antiquitate Britannia by John Leland, 1555 Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus by the Swede Olaus Magnus (1490–1557), to 1575 Antigu¨edades by Ambrosio de Morales, and 1586 Britannia by William Camden (1551–1623). On his part, the French King Louis XIV (1638–1715) Wnanced a study of coins as a means for rulers to render their memory eternal (Pomian 1990: 129). The political context of the study of antiquities is further clariWed by an analysis of the Scandinavian case.
In Italy and Greece the presence of archaeologists from the Powers—France and Britain, but also from the German principalities and the Scandinavian countries—followed a long tradition. Yet, a new slant came to be added now: the understanding of the power of the classics as the source of prestige, of what was right, good, and useful, became appropriated by the nineteenth-century imperial powers to explain the origin of their might. The archaeology of classical Greece, Italy, and Egypt attracted scholars from the Powers whose initial individual undertakings were increasingly supported by the creation of foreign schools.
Objects coming from the Roman world had priority, as well as those originating in the ancient Greek and Egyptian world. The latter two were more diYcult to obtain, given the diYculties in trespassing on the frontiers of the Ottoman Empire. Yet, some Greek and Egyptian material—mummies and ushabti Wgures among other objects—started to reach private collections such as that of the Danish physician Ole Worm, later bought for the Danish royal collection (Gundestrup 1990: 48). This was one of many, and was comparable to the older collections gathered in the courts of Munich, Vienna (Kaufmann 1994), Dresden and Madrid (Mora´n Turina & Rodrı´guez Ruiz 2001).