A Short Grammar of Bulgarian for English Speaking Learners by E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. Benatova

By E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. Benatova

E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. BenatovaA brief Grammar of Bulgarian for English talking newbies / Краткая грамматика болгарского языка для говорящих на английском языке О книге.Учебное пособие, включающее в себя самые важные аспекты современного болгарского языка.Modern Bulgarian is without doubt one of the South Slavonic languages, descendant of outdated Bulgarian. a variety of later variations of outdated Bulgarian are usually often called previous Church Slavonic. smooth Bulgarian is now the legit average language of the Republic of Bulgaria.Bulgarian and Slavonic writing built after the construction of the Cyrillic Alphabet within the ninth century (A.D.). Bulgarian is in reality the oldest Slavonic language which used writing for literary paintings and one of many oldest in Europe. The Slavonic literary culture flourished for a number of centuries within the Bulgarian lands and unfold to Serbia and Russia.Содержание книги:Some uncomplicated info concerning the Bulgarian LanguagePrefacePart One PHONETICS (ФОНЕТИКА) Vowels (Гласни)Unstressed Vowels (Неударени гласни)Consonants (Съгласни)Palatal Consonants (Палатални съгласни)Stress (Ударение)Phonetic changes (Фонемни редувания)Metathesis (Метатеза)Part TwoMORPHOLOGY (МОРФОЛОГИЯ)I. Nouns (Съществителни имена)Gender (Род)Number (Число)Determination of Nouns (Членуване на съществителните имена)Use of the yes Article (Употреба на определителния член)Formation of Nouns (Образуване на съществителните имена)II. Adjectives (Прилагателни имена)Gender (Род)Plural of adjectives (Множествено число на прилагателните имена)The Use of the yes Article with Adjectives (Членуване на прилагателните имена)Degrees of comparability (Степени на сравнение)Formation of Adjectives (Образуване на прилагателните имена)III. Numerals (Числителни имена)Cardinal Numerals (Бройни числителни)Ordinal Numerals (Редни числителни)IV. Pronouns (Местоимения)1. own Pronouns (Лични местоимения)2. Possessive Pronouns (Притежателни местоимения)3. Reflexive Pronouns (Възвратни местоимения)4. Demonstrative Pronouns (Показателни местоимения)5. Interrogative Pronouns (Въпросителни местоимения)6. Relative Pronouns (Относителни местоимения)7. Indefinite Pronouns (Неопределителни местоимения)8. unfavorable Pronouns (Отрицателни местоимения)9. Generalizing Pronouns (Обобщителни местоимения)V Verbs (Глаголи)5.1.. category of Verbs (Класификация на глаголите)A. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs (Преходни и непреходни глаголи)B. own and Impersonal Verbs (Лични и безлични глаголи)C. Non-Reflexive and Reflexive Verbs (Невъзвратни и възвратни глаголи)D. easy and Compound Verbs (Прости и сложни глаголи)5.2. Grammatical different types of the Verb (Граматически категории на глагола)1. individual and quantity (Лице и число)2. point (Вид на глагола)3. The demanding procedure (Глаголните времена)3.1. the current stressful (Сегашно време)3.2. The Imperfect previous (Минало несвършено време)3.3. The Aorist earlier demanding (Минало свършено време -аорист)ЗА the suitable demanding (Минало неопределено време)3.5. The previous excellent annoying (Минало предварително време)3.6. the longer term annoying (Бъдеще време)3.7. the long run some time past stressful (Бъдеще време в миналото)3.8. the long run ideal annoying (Бъдеще предварително време)3.9. the long run excellent some time past stressful (Бъдеще предварително време в миналото)4. Voice of the Verb (Залог на глагола)Formation of the Passive Voice (Образуване на страдателния залог)5. temper of the Verb ((Наклонение на глагола)5.1. The Indicative temper (Изявително наклонение)5.2. The relevant temper (Повелително наклонение)5.3. The Conditional temper (Условно наклонение)5.4. The Renarrated temper (Преизказно наклонение)6. Non-Finite Verb kinds (Нелични глаголни форми)6.1. Participles (Причастия)A. The lively current Participle (Сегашно деятелно причастие)B. The energetic Imperfect previous Participle (Минало несвършено деятелно причастие)С The lively Aorist previous Participle (Минало свършено деятелно причастие)D. The Passive earlier Participle ((Минало страдателно причастие)6.2. Verbal Adverbs (Деепричастия)6.3. Verbal Nouns (Отглаголни съществителни)6.4. The Infinitive (Инфинитив)7. Verb Formation (Образуване на глаголите)7.1. Derivation of Verbs of the Perfective element (Образуване на глаголи от свършен вид)7.2. Derivation of Imperfective Verbs (Образуване на глаголи от несвършен вид)7.3. Derivation of Verbs from different grammatical different types (Образуване на глаголи от други граматически категории)VI. Adverbs (Наречия)VII. Prepositions (Предлози)VIIL Conjunctions (Съюзи)IX. debris (Частици)Literature

Show description

Read Online or Download A Short Grammar of Bulgarian for English Speaking Learners PDF

Similar grammar books

Universal Grammar and language learnability

Anjum P. Saleemi argues that the purchase of language as a cognitive approach can adequately be understood through pairing the formal method of studying, often called learnability idea, with Chomsky's concept of common Grammar and its declare that human language is innately restricted, with a few predefined house for version.

Set Sail! 3 - Vocabulary and Grammar Practice

ELT: studying fabric & coursework

The Evolution of Negation TILSM 235

Why do languages swap? The notion that the grammar of negation evolves in accordance with cycles is checked out from the behaviour of detrimental goods and structures, as a rule throughout the historical past of English and French. The stories exhibit that the difference inside a language at any given aspect of heritage is just too nice for cycles to be invoked as an independent mechanism of grammar swap.

Additional info for A Short Grammar of Bulgarian for English Speaking Learners

Sample text

Or rather, the boundaries between derivation and representation are vague in the tradition in which Orgun’s work can be situated, that of Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (Pollard and Sag 1994). Orgun points out that many aspects of serial derivation are unnecessary once we take the concept of morphological structure seriously. The morphological structure of a complex form contains by definition the information of the base, but not vice versa. The direction of influence is readily explained in more or less the same way as in the serial accounts.

Glóž-it’i vóz-it’i 2 per. glóž-ut vóz-6t 3 per. ‘gnaw’ ‘carry’ The fact that the stressed vowel resists the general pattern of reduction suggests a position-sensitive requirement on a par with the one employed above for Dakota. In particular, suppose that the quality of the stressed vowel must be identical with its lexical counterpart. As illustrated in the input-output mappings below, mid vowels lower generally because of a context-free ban on mid vowels (discussed below), as the stem vowel does in (7b).

Him-na/ /fihim-na/ [fihím-na] [fhímna] ‘we understood’ *[fhímna] ‘he understood us’ The forms in (12a) and (12b) are both derived from a root or stem fihim plus a suffix na. Yet in (a) the first /i/ of the root has been syncopated, whereas this has not happened in the second form. The reason for this is that this second form is related to fíhim ‘he understood’. In [fihím], the first /i/ is not deleted, because stressed vowels are exempt from the syncope process. The /i/ in [fihím-na] is also not deleted, in order to preserve the similarity between the base and the correspondent.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 45 votes