A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase by Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea

By Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea

According to contemporary learn in formal linguistics, this quantity offers an intensive description of the full procedure of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer feel, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines the entire adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The publication specializes in syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but additionally incorporates a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the ebook can function a place to begin for the learn of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or no longer they're typologically with regards to Romanian. This booklet might be of designated curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, specially simply because Romanian is appropriate for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but in addition as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.

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Inside the DP itself, Case features appear on several elements (determiners, nouns, adjectives), due to agreement. e. the operation that attributes a Case feature to the DP as a whole) and Case copying, which copies the Case feature to several X0 categories inside the DP. In sum, the values of the features on the controller of agreement may be of three distinct types: inherent lexical features (see the Gender of Ns), freely assigned inflectional features (see Number) or contextually assigned inflectional features (see Case).

G. English one, are indeed pro-N constituents). Instead, prototypical pronouns share the distribution of complete nominal projections and as such can be viewed as pro-DPs. In traditional grammars, the category ‘pronoun’ subsumes two types of elements to which we assign different categorial status and syntactic analysis: (i) D + null N: these are forms built with an overt D that is used without an overt NP. A content for the missing NP is often contextually recovered. To this type belong some of the demonstrative, indefinite, negative, interrogative and relative ‘pronouns’, all of which are built from corresponding ‘determiners’ (see Chapter 3); (ii) pro-DP forms that show no (or almost Chapter 1.

The first issue is to decide whether the Number feature is attached to another X0 category, Chapter 1. g. N or D, or is inserted into a dedicated functional head Num(ber), that takes the NP as a complement and heads a functional projection, NumP. Current work in generative grammar assumes the second hypothesis: Num takes NP as a complement and projects NumP, which is taken as a complement by D. On this hypothesis, there are two possibilities to represent the realization of the content of Number: either Num has no phonological realization and its content is expressed only by agreement, N and D copying the number feature from Num; or Num is a head which attracts the N, forming a complex [N+Num], in which Num is realized as a suffix.

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