A Grammar of Gaagudju by Mark Harvey

By Mark Harvey

This grammar offers an total description of Gaagudju, a now approximately extinct language of northern Australia. Gaagudju differs from such a lot formerly defined Australian languages in a couple of methods. It indicates marked variations within the realizations of under pressure and unstressed syllables. It has complicated structures of prefixation in addition to suffixation. there's a transparent contrast among efficient and unproductive morphology, with a large number of the morphology being unproductive. whereas note order is mostly unfastened, strictly ordered phrasal compounding buildings are very important.

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1). 1). However the following pairs establish that the distribution of alveolare and retroflexes is not predictable. (2-15) η : rn 1: rl marlandjibaardal 'to become dark' 'tree sp' maardarn maarlarl 'few' 'leaf Retroflexion is usually distinguishable by a fairly clear [X] off-glide on the preceding vowel. Vowels also tend to be slightly longer before retroflexes than before alveolare. Distinguishing alveolars and retroflexes is chiefly problematic when they occur as the initial consonant in a stressed syllable.

Segmental phonology 27 There is no apical contrast morpheme-initially in Gaagudju, as is common in Australian languages (Dixon 1980: 167). The evidence from cliticisation and prefixation suggests that a morpheme-initial apical will be retroflex if the following consonant is retroflex. Otherwise morpheme-initial apicals are alveolar. The form deernmi 'again, as well' is frequently cliticised to the preceding word. When it so occurs the initial consonant is usually clearly retroflexed. ' djaarli jäali meat baraa-ga/ bs^aaga] here-take As the phonetic transcription of its second occurrence in (2-15) indicates deernmi sometimes takes the form [acte εηπιί] with an initial unstressed vowel, which could be taken to indicate that its canonical form is ardeernmi.

2-64) {#, a}_a The two Irrealis prefix complexes nji-nga-n- and gu-nga-n- are the only exceptions. These two complexes reduce to [jiin] and [gun] respectively (with short vowels). The lenition is restricted to unstressed syllables. (2-65) nganj-ngiirla lMIN-aunt 'My aunt' [gajigiila] ~ [ajioiila] (2-66) ngaanj-ma 1MIN-PRM Ί, me' [gäajima] ~ *[aajima] ngaDJ- frequently undergoes lenition when it occurs as unstressed prefix, as in (2-65). It is never lenited when it occurs as a stressed root form, as in (2-66).

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