A grammar of Chichewa, a Bantu language of British Central by Mark Hanna Watkins

By Mark Hanna Watkins

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Hopper, P. J. and Thompson, S. A. 1984. “The discourse basis for lexical categories in universal grammar”. Language 60: 703–752. Hopper, P. J. 1988. “Emergent grammar and the a priori Grammar postulate”. ). Linguistics in Context. Connecting Observation and Understanding, 117–136, Norwood, N. : Ablex. Hopper, P. J. 1991. “On some principles of grammaticalization”. In E. C. Traugott and B. Heine (eds), vol. I, 17–35. Hopper, P. J. and Traugott, E. C. 1993. Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

As argued by Lass, this procedure does not seem to apply to grammaticalization research. Here the bulk of research is concerned with finding and reporting prototypical instances of grammaticalization, which, of course, also helps sharpen our understanding of the processes involved. It should, however, not mislead us into thinking that cases of degrammaticalization do not exist. Also, Lass argues, even if there is striking evidence in favour of our theory (in the weak sense), we should not confound ‘commonness’ with absolute truths.

In Z. ). Reciprocals: Forms and Functions. [Typological Studies in Language 41], 1–29, Amsterdam: Benjamins. Heine, B. 1999b. “Historical reconstruction: New evidence from African languages”. Paper presented at XIV ICHL, Vancouver, August 1999. Heine, B. 1999c. “On the role of context in grammaticalization”. Paper given at the international symposium on ‘New Reflections on Grammaticalization’, held in Potsdam, 17–19 June 1999. Hopper, P. J. and Thompson, S. A. 1984. “The discourse basis for lexical categories in universal grammar”.

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