A Dictionary of Hallucinations by Jan Dirk Blom
By Jan Dirk Blom
The Dictionary of Hallucinations is an alphabetical directory of concerns touching on hallucinations and different misperceptions. they are often approximately divided into 5 categories:
1. Definitions of person hallucinatory symptoms
2. health conditions and ingredients linked to the mediation of hallucinations
3. Definitions of the phrases hallucination and phantasm through vital old authors
4. old figures who're recognized to have skilled hallucinations
5. Miscellaneous issues.
Each of the definitions of person hallucinatory indicators contains:
- a definition of the term
- its etymological origin
- the yr of creation (if known)
- a connection with the writer or authors who brought the time period (if known)
- a description of the present use
- a short clarification of the etiology and pathophysiology of the symptom to hand (if known)
- references to similar terms
- references to the literature.
Jan Dirk Blom, M.D., Ph.D., is a medical psychiatrist, focusing on the sector of psychotic issues. He holds a Ph.D. from the Philosophy division of the collage of Leiden, at the deconstruction of the biomedical schizophrenia notion. he's at the moment concerned about a collaborative venture with the collage of Utrecht, on version established and version loose analyses of fMRI activation styles bought from people with verbal auditory hallucinations, and an experimental remedy strategy with fMRI-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Hallucinations
It has even been argued that the surplus value of antipsychotic drug treatment is not its influence upon the long-term course of any of the major psychotic disorders, but rather its capacity to limit the duration of psychotic episodes and to reduce the severity of hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms. As is the case with any therapeutic, the antipsychotics tend to induce adverse effects. These include sedation, orthostatic hypotension, obstipation, urinary retention, changes in the electrocardiogram (ECG), hypersalivation, parkinsonism and other extrapyramidal symptoms, akathisia, metabolic syndrome, hyperprolactinaemia, disturbances of sexual function, agranulocytosis, a lowering of the threshold for epileptic seizures, tardive dyskinesia, and malignant neuroleptic syndrome.
The term atypical antipsychotic is used to denote substances such as aripiprazole, clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, sulpiride, quetiapine, and sertindole. The purported site of action of these substances is different for each substance, affecting one or more of the neurotransmitter systems listed above. The effects of antipsychotic substances upon hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms tend to differ somewhat across the various disease categories and across individuals within those categories.
Both eponyms refer to the German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer (1864–1915), who in 1906 was the first to present post-mortem histological findings associated with senile dementia. The German name Alzheimersche Krankheit was coined in or shortly before 1910 by Alzheimer’s superior Emil Kraepelin (1856–1926) and included in the eighth edition of the latter’s textbook of psychiatry to denote a presenile form of dementia. The relation between Alzheimer’s disease, presenile dementia, and senile dementia has been a subject of debate for more than 70 years.